Book Review: Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning

by: Craig S.Sep 29, 2017comments

Book Title: Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning
Authors: Peter C. Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, Mark A. McDaniel
Publisher: The Belknap Press of Harvard University, London, 2014, 313 pages, $29.00

This book was by far the most helpful book I have ever read in relation to learning how to learn.

The authors make the following claims: (1) learning is deeper and more durable when it is effortful, (2) we are poor judges of when we are learning well, (3) retrieval practice (recalling facts or concepts or events from memory) is a more effective learning strategy than review by rereading, (4) periodic practice stops forgetting, (5) interleaving the practice of two or more subjects makes retrieval harder but produces longer-lasting learning, (6) trying to solve a problem before being taught the solution leads to better learning, (7) you build better mastery when you use testing as a tool to identify your areas of weakness, (8) making mistakes and correcting them leads to advanced learning.

I felt like the following concepts related to learning were very helpful.

Elaboration is the process of giving new material meaning by expressing it in your own words and connecting it with what you already know. For example, in order to remember that warm air can hold more water than cold air, think of the drip of water from the back of the air conditioner.

Retrieval learning from memory tells you what you know and do not know, and therefore where to focus further study to improve the areas where you are weak. Secondly, recalling what you have learned causes your brain to reconsolidate the memory. There are various forms of retrieval practice including recitation, low-stakes quizzing, self-testing, spacing out the practice, interleaving the practice of different topics or skills, and trying to solve a problem before being taught the solution, and distilling the underlying principles that differentiate types of problems.

Reflection involves retrieving knowledge and earlier learning from memory, connecting these to new experiences, and visualizing and mentally rehearsing what you might do differently next time.

Testing. Studies in the European Journal of Cognitive Psychology showed that gains in learning continue to increase as the number of tests increases. Testing is also better than rereading in that it can better facilitate a transfer of knowledge to new concepts and problems and it improves one’s ability to retain.

Feedback on wrong answers strengthens retention more than testing alone does, and delaying feedback briefly produces better long-term learning than immediate feedback.

Varied practice—like tossing beanbags into baskets at mixed distances or baseball batters practicing on randomly interspersed types of pitches–improves your ability to transfer learning from one situation and apply it successfully to another.

Spaced practice, which allows some forgetting to occur between sessions, strengthens both the learning and the cues and routes for fast retrieval when that learning is needed again.

Generative learning means trying to solve a problem without the benefit of having been taught how to solve the problem. This is also called ‘trial and error’. This also leads to better learning and longer retention of the correct answer or solution so long as corrective feedback is provided.

Association with pictures. Humans remember pictures more easily than words. For example, the image of an elephant is easier to recall than the word elephant. So associating mental images with verbal material makes it easier to recall from memory.

Mnemonic devices help you retrieve what you have learned and hold arbitrary information in memory.  For example, some schoolchildren are taught to remember the US Great Lakes in geographic order, from east to west: Old Elephants Have Musty Skin.

One thing I liked about the book was that it had numerous case studies of how various individuals excelled in learning. I also liked the fact that the authors exposed some myths such as the myth of errorless learning.  Errors are an integral part of striving to increase one’s mastery over new material. Kids who have been taught that errors are a natural part of learning showed significantly better use of working memory that did the others.

Craig S.

Craig has done ethnolinguistic research in southeast Asia which led to the publication of a two volume book on the minority languages of that area. He has also published six peer-reviewed articles on the minority languages of southeast Asia.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Patty Tessandori

Patty Tessandori is the PhD Program Administrator for William Carey International University.

Yalin Xin, Ph.D

Yalin Xin is the associate professor of intercultural studies at William Carey International University. He was formerly a research fellow at the Center for the Study of World Christian Revitalization Movements and Senior Editor for the William Carey International Development Journal. His research interest includes Christian renewal and revitalization movements and Christianity in China.

Yalin Xin, Ph.D

Yalin Xin is the associate professor of intercultural studies at William Carey International University. He was formerly a research fellow at the Center for the Study of World Christian Revitalization Movements and Senior Editor for the William Carey International Development Journal. His research interest includes Christian renewal and revitalization movements and Christianity in China.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Grace May

Grace May is the Associate Professor of Biblical Studies at William Carey International University.  She received her Th.D in Systematic Theology and Missiology from Boston University School of Theology and her M.Div from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary.  She is a contributing author to Honoring the Generations, The Scandal of the Cross and The Global God.  She enjoys international cuisine and relating to the body of Christ around the world.

Grace May

Grace May is the Associate Professor of Biblical Studies at William Carey International University.  She received her Th.D in Systematic Theology and Missiology from Boston University School of Theology and her M.Div from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary.  She is a contributing author to Honoring the Generations, The Scandal of the Cross and The Global God.  She enjoys international cuisine and relating to the body of Christ around the world.

Lawrence Alabi

Lawrence Alabi is a pastor from Nigeria and is a student at WCIU.

John.Sheneni

John Sheneni is a WCIU MA graduate and PhD student who teaches in the Jos Baptist Pastor’s College in Nigeria.

Abdou Maiga

Abdou Maiga is from Mali.  After biblical and theological studies (Diploma in Biblical Studies at IBY, Yamoussoukro, Cote d’Ivoire. Bachelor in Theology and Master in Theology at the Brethren Biblical Seminary, Bangui, Central African Republic), he served for 28 years as a pastor and teacher. He has served as Director of the Institut Biblique de la Boucle, President of the Federation of Evangelical Baptist Churches in Mali, and a member of the advisory board of World Vision Mali. He is the founder and president of the NGO “Compassion Sans Frontières,” which focused on cross-cultural ministry in the countries of West Africa. He is currently pursuing PhD studies in International Development at William Carey International University in Pasadena, CA. He is married to Néma and they have two children, Lydia (aged 24) and Timothy (aged 19).

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

May Nor Clara Cheng

May Nor Clara Cheng has a Ph.D. in Intercultural Studies from Fuller Theological Seminary. She is Associate Professor in Psychological Anthropology at William Carey International University. She served with OMF International for sixteen years in Japan, in the Philippines, and in Taiwan.

Her area of expertise is equipping cross-cultural workers in their inner-beings in order to lead a healthy emotional, social, and spiritual life and to be effective in their cross-cultural endeavors.

 

Brian Lowther

Brian Lowther serves as the Director of the Roberta Winter Institute http://www.robertawinterinstitute.org. Brian was deeply influenced by Dr. Ralph Winter’s thoughts on evil, disease, and the cosmic war, so much so that he spent many years developing a yet unfinished novel to illustrate Dr. Winter’s thinking.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Kenton Moody

Kenton Moody has worked amongst the poor in Santa Ana, El Salvador for the past six years. His focus has been in areas of extreme poverty and gang conflict helping children and youth at risk through education, social intervention, and spiritual transformation. He has founded the Open Door Church, Hosanna School, and the Center of Hope, all operating in Santa Ana.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

May Nor Clara Cheng

May Nor Clara Cheng has a Ph.D. in Intercultural Studies from Fuller Theological Seminary. She is Associate Professor in Psychological Anthropology at William Carey International University. She served with OMF International for sixteen years in Japan, in the Philippines, and in Taiwan.

Her area of expertise is equipping cross-cultural workers in their inner-beings in order to lead a healthy emotional, social, and spiritual life and to be effective in their cross-cultural endeavors.

 

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

William D. Bjoraker, Ph.D

William D. (Bill) Bjoraker is Associate Professor of Judeo Christian Studies and Contemporary Western Culture at William Carey International University, Pasadena, CA.

He holds a PhD from the School of Intercultural Studies of Fuller Theological Seminary. His dissertation title is “Faith, Freedom and Radical
Individualism in Late Modern America: A Missiological Evaluation” (2007). He is a specialist in Jewish Studies and served with his wife Diana in pastoral and teaching roles in Tel Aviv, Israel throughout the 1980s. He also is director of Ezekiel Network, an outreach to Jewish people in Los Angeles.

Patty Tessandori

Patty Tessandori is the PhD Program Administrator for William Carey International University.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Brian Lowther

Brian Lowther serves as the Director of the Roberta Winter Institute http://www.robertawinterinstitute.org. Brian was deeply influenced by Dr. Ralph Winter’s thoughts on evil, disease, and the cosmic war, so much so that he spent many years developing a yet unfinished novel to illustrate Dr. Winter’s thinking.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Andrew Ray Williams

Andrew Ray Williams is follower of Jesus, the Associate Pastor at Foursquare Church on the Hill in Fishersville, Virginia and a graduate student at Regent University’s School of Divinity. He regularly blogs at http://www.andrewrwilliams.com and is a contributor to ThinkTheology.org.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

David Morgan

David spent 35 years working in community development in South Asia among both religiously pluralistic and segregated societies. He holds degrees in intercultural studies and sociology. Currently he is the lead cataloger for the Ralph D. Winter Research Center.

Brian Lowther

Brian Lowther serves as the Director of the Roberta Winter Institute http://www.robertawinterinstitute.org. Brian was deeply influenced by Dr. Ralph Winter’s thoughts on evil, disease, and the cosmic war, so much so that he spent many years developing a yet unfinished novel to illustrate Dr. Winter’s thinking.

Ralph Winter

Ralph Winter (1924-2009), was the founder of William Carey International University.

Brian Lowther

Brian Lowther serves as the Director of the Roberta Winter Institute http://www.robertawinterinstitute.org. Brian was deeply influenced by Dr. Ralph Winter’s thoughts on evil, disease, and the cosmic war, so much so that he spent many years developing a yet unfinished novel to illustrate Dr. Winter’s thinking.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Jim Harries

Jim Harries (b. 1964) has engaged in detailed research into inter-cultural communication between the West and Africa since 1988. He has a PhD in Theology (University of Birmingham, UK). Jim’s home, located in a Kenyan village, functions in African languages, as does his practice of Bible teaching, which is his main local ministry. Jim has published seven books and numerous articles. He chairs the Alliance for Vulnerable Mission (http://www.vulnerablemission.org).

Kisongo Mbeleulu

Kisongo Mbeleulu is a MA student with WCIU who is from the Democratic Republic of Congo. He is an associate pastor of a multi-ethnic church in Minneapolis and has created an organization to help local churches in the DRC called ALERT, an acronym standing for African Leadership Empowerment, Reconciliation, and Transformation. For more information, visit his website: http://www.Alertafrica.org

John.Sheneni

John Sheneni is a WCIU MA graduate and PhD student who teaches in the Jos Baptist Pastor’s College in Nigeria.

Jim Harries

Jim Harries (b. 1964) has engaged in detailed research into inter-cultural communication between the West and Africa since 1988. He has a PhD in Theology (University of Birmingham, UK). Jim’s home, located in a Kenyan village, functions in African languages, as does his practice of Bible teaching, which is his main local ministry. Jim has published seven books and numerous articles. He chairs the Alliance for Vulnerable Mission (http://www.vulnerablemission.org).

Ken Gnanakan

Dr. Ken Gnanaken is the Executive Director of the International Council of Higher Education. He also serves as Director of the ACTS Group of Institutions in India which includes primary and secondary schools, colleges and a private university, William Carey University in North East India. He teaches in universities in India and in other parts of the world on varied subjects such as management, environment, education, theology and philosophies.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Michael Soderling

Michael Soderling MD, MBA (International Development) serves as Director of the Center for Health in Mission and is the Associate Editor for Health Missions for the Christian Journal for Global Health

Jim Harries

Jim Harries (b. 1964) has engaged in detailed research into inter-cultural communication between the West and Africa since 1988. He has a PhD in Theology (University of Birmingham, UK). Jim’s home, located in a Kenyan village, functions in African languages, as does his practice of Bible teaching, which is his main local ministry. Jim has published seven books and numerous articles. He chairs the Alliance for Vulnerable Mission (http://www.vulnerablemission.org).

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Christopher Brittain

Christopher Brittain is a WCIU MA student, and a mobilizer of biblical cross-cultural workers, based in Kenya. He and his wife are passionate to see every believer mobilized to participate effectively with God in his redemptive purpose.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Christopher Brittain

Christopher Brittain is a WCIU MA student, and a mobilizer of biblical cross-cultural workers, based in Kenya. He and his wife are passionate to see every believer mobilized to participate effectively with God in his redemptive purpose.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Joel Iyorwa

Joel is a student at William Carey International University.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Warren Groves

Warren Groves is currently working on his MA at WCIU and is on the pastoral staff of a church in northern California, has lived in Eastern Europe, and is still actively involved in Eastern Europe and SE Asia

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Warren Groves

Warren Groves is currently working on his MA at WCIU and is on the pastoral staff of a church in northern California, has lived in Eastern Europe, and is still actively involved in Eastern Europe and SE Asia

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Joseph Hoover

Joseph Hoover is a WCIU MA Student who serves as a cross-cultural worker with Pioneer Bible Translators.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.

Yalin Xin, Ph.D

Yalin Xin is the associate professor of intercultural studies at William Carey International University. He was formerly a research fellow at the Center for the Study of World Christian Revitalization Movements and Senior Editor for the William Carey International Development Journal. His research interest includes Christian renewal and revitalization movements and Christianity in China.

Beth Snodderly, D.Litt. et Phil.

Beth Snodderly is a past president of William Carey International University and is the editor for both the William Carey International Development Journal and the Ralph D. Winter Research Center. She holds the degree of Doctor of Literature and Philosophy in New Testament from the University of South Africa. She authored the book Chaos is Not God’s Will: The Origin of International Development and has edited several volumes including, First the Kingdom of God: Global Voices,The Goal of International Development, Evangelical and Frontier Perspectives on the Global Progress of the Gospel, Reflecting God’s Glory Together and Agents of International Development and Shalom.