jacques D COMPAORE
Jan 16, 2012

I Praise God for what is happening in Rwanda. I got the opportunity to visit Rwanda after the Genocide and I was amazed by the kindness, the loving and hospitality of the people. It is unbelievable to say this country went trough such terrible problem. I didn’t see any sign of crisis . My visit was was in 2007.I was wandering what was the secret of such economical success. I even bought a a book title in french “Le tribalisme en Afrique” written by three Africans whose one is from Rwanda- His name is Antoine Rutayisire- and I want to understand really what happened in Rwanda But i was not satisfied..
This article is giving me clear understanding that the behavioral aspect as plaid a significant role to bring trust locally and internationally in order to boost the economical development.

Jan 17, 2012

Thank you Professor.

This is a very great article -
Rwanda is very close to my heart.

Feb 05, 2012

This is valuable and encouraging!

Timothy Mazimpaka
Feb 18, 2013

Wonderful input Professor. All your readers (including myself- your countryman) must appreciate your background. You not only lived out the experience you mentioned, but you also are part of the struggle to see Rwanda emerging from the grip of its unpleasing past. So your scholarly contribution is of great value. What perhaps makes it even more impressive is your personal philosophical conviction as I read it from your article on the philosophy of International Development. My humble submission on the point you mentioned about “Something Good Out of Chaos”, is that today economic milestone scores highly on the scale of national image; thanks to the government’s deliberate effort to channel its energy in this direction to do what it knows best. My concern, however, is that while economic progress is achieving remarkable progress, other important aspects of national development such as national cohesion, truth, justice and national reconciliation, human right and democratic space are conspicuously unimpressive. In conclusion, I would like to humbly submit that sustainable economic growth can only be achieved if there is a balanced approach to seeing other important aspects of development brought to the same level of importance in the eyes of policy implementers, including the government, religious institutions, civil societies, and international community. Rwanda may not be ranked among other struggling countries that are likened to Rwanda, but in the long run chances of Rwanda falling back to the same list are undeniable if a balanced approach to development is not given its due attention.

Dan Poenaru
Mar 03, 2013

The issue of peace-making in the African countries is a very thorny one, and Prof. Butare’s optimistic comments regarding Rwanda are very encouraging. I must echo however Timothy’s earlier comments that economic recovery alone is an important, yet insufficient marker of peace and stability.
As a medical worker in sub-Saharan Africa for the past decade, I have experienced both Somalia’s deplorable failed state, and Kenya’s shocking return to tribal violence in 2007 (a most current issue today, literally on the eve of the 2013 Kenyan elections). My (possibly superficial) take on lasting peace in Africa is that several factors continue to both plot against and plague peace-making on this continent:
• An ongoing culture of violence as acceptable solution to conflict – while violence may well be simply a manifestation of a deeper root cause, the fallen condition of mankind, I believe that millennia of Christianity in Europe (and, for instance, in Ethiopia) can “soften” its edge and encourage civility.
• A culture of “non-resolution” – issues are so often simply “swept under the table” – leaders must save face, relationships are maintained superficially even if deep rifts remain, old issues are never addressed and keep rearing their ugly heads.
• Tribalism (“clanism” in Somalia) remains alive and well, whether publicly acknowledged or conspicuously ignored by the media and society; for this we can thank at least in part last century’s “scramble for Africa” by the then European powers which divided the continent with little regard for its ethnes .
• The African church (and here’s where it really hurts!) often appears more rooted in its own culture than in Christ Her Rock. My heart still hurts at the pervasive instances of church-based tribalism and violence I have witnessed during the 2007 post-electoral chaos, and the relatively minor impact that the Kenyan church had in peace making.
Much criticism, few solutions… Good governance, truth-and-reconciliation commissions, economic development, international assistance, global policy, I suspect are all part of the way forward. But key over all must be the impact of the Prince of Peace, as He manifests Himself in His people the most-justified peace-makers, and Whom we are called to bring to a violence-torn world.

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